Root - General debility, insomnia, rheumatism, asthma, Leaf- Fever,  Fruit- Diuretic,  Seeds- Hypnotic. In the Axis occupation period, a German military command was established and German and Italian troops stationed in the city. The city's national stadium, Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, was renovated and expanded in 2004. Finally, the old depot of Aghios Dionysios, consisting of about ten tracks, offers basic turntable and roundhouse facilities; it is about 400 m (1,312.34 ft) long. Ideal Bikes is the leading bike producer in Greece, with large export activities. Curry leaves, or kadi patta, are aromatic herbs used for medicinal and culinary purposes. [13] The war effort necessitated by the First World War hampered the city's development and also created uncontrollable urban sprawl after the influx of displaced persons from Asia Minor after the 1922 population exchange between Greece and Turkey. Under the Ottomans, it was known as "Baliabadra", from the Greek: Παλαιά Πάτρα ('Old Patras'), as opposed to Νέα Πάτρα ('new Patra'), the town of Ypati in Central Greece. medicinal plant garden, an Orchidarium, cactus and other succulent house, ..... gardens for its medicinal properties. This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 04:52. and the church of Pantokrator, in the Upper Town (Ano Poli), is the most appealing of the city, because of its status as the only area where construction height is limited to two-storey buildings. Other cultural institutes are: the Visual Arts Workshop, the icon painting school, the Carnival Float Workshop, the Municipal Library, the Municipal Gallery, along with many private art galleries. area and average elevation)", "European Culture Capital, Patras Venues", "Ktizon, Presentation of the Archaeological museum of Patras", "Παραδίδεται το έργο της ανάπλασης της Αγοράς Αργύρη - Οικονομία - The Best News", "Greek Statistics Organization, Tourism data - 2006", "λκμκ αρχιτέκτονες μηχανικοί - Βιομηχανικοί χώροι - Εργοστάσιο Παραγωγής Ιχθυοτροφών στην ΒΙ.ΠΕ. A number of notable neoclassical buildings are to be found, including the Apollon Theatre in Georgiou I Square, the City Hall, the headquarters of the Local Trade Association and the Court of Justice. The most notable of these are the Psila Alonia and the Georgiou I Square. Surrender of Patras to General Schneider by Hippolyte Lecomte. Patras was the first Greek city to introduce public electrified tramways in the past. Its globe-like roof and modern architectural design enhances the town's northern entrance, taking its place among the other city landmarks. There are factories from Coca-Cola HBC and Athenian Brewery established in area, along with the facilities of the largest local company in soft-drinks production, Loux (ΛΟΥΞ). Featured software All software latest This Just In Old School Emulation MS-DOS Games Historical Software Classic PC Games Software Library. The older upper section (Ano Poli) covers the area of the pre-modern settlement, around the Fortress, on what is the last elevation of Mount Panachaikon (1,926 m (6,319 ft))[4] before the Gulf of Patras. [clarification needed]. Learn Oriya, Odia online free. Patras suffered a severe problem of deindustrialization in the late 1980s and 1990s when a number of major productive units shut down in successive order. The city has a significant political history in modern Greece; famous politicians from Patras include the prime ministers Dimitrios Gounaris, the main leader of the anti-venizelist party in the 1910s, Stylianos Gonatas, a high-ranking officer, politician and one of the leaders of the "1922 Revolution", Andreas Michalakopoulos, a prominent liberal party cadre, foreign minister and prime minister, and Dimitrios Maximos, a distinguished economist, minister and finally prime minister in the civil war era. Of great importance for the biological diversity of the area and the preservation of its climate is the swamp of Agyia, a small and coastal aquatic ecosystem of only 30 ha (74 acres), north of the city centre. The city is also home to many leading Greek wineries and distilleries, among them the venerable Achaia Clauss and Parparoussi located in Rio. [14] More specifically, the main sights of the city are: As a part of the 2006 European Capital of Culture programme, there was a project for the restoration of the city's architectural heritage. Another company that maintains an R&D center in Patras is Dialog Semiconductor, a UK-based manufacturer of semiconductor-based system solutions. The paper sector is also active including a paper factory belonging to Georgia-Pacific (Delica) and two important Greek companies, Elite and El-pack, headquartered in the city. The theatre cooperates with other theatrical groups, such as the Viomichaniki (Industrial) group and the Michani Technis (Art Machine). Fruit juice -Stomachic, Appetizer Digestive, Diarrhea, Dysentery, Antiseptic, Stimulant, Bark - Astringent, ophthalmic, bleeding gums, Whole plant-Febrifuge, Galactogogue,  Skin  & eye diseases, hemorrhoids, Root, Flower, Seeds-Anti obesity,  Aromatic, expectorant, skin diseases, cardiac tonic, wound & hemorrhage Leaves-Asthma, Bark-Ulcer, Bleeding gum, Flower-Stimulant, , tonic & aphrodisiac Antihelmintic, Flower, Root -  Blood purifier, emmanagogue,  ear nose & throat diseases, ringworm, ulcers, Flower- Hair tonic, Leave-De-worming, foot burning Gynecological  problems, easy child birth, growth of hair, head and heart weakness, Leave –Skin infection, Antifungal, Hair conditioner, menstrual disorders,  burning sensation, premature graying of hair, skin diseases, blood purifier, Fruit, Flower, Bark-Astringent, antibacterial Tonic, carminative, hic -cough, diarrhea, dysentery, gynecological disorder, anemia, Stem, bark, leaf - Antibacterial, dysentery, spermatorrhoea, sprains, wound & boils, Fruit, Bark, Root -Stomachic, urinary diseases,  astringent, colic, expectorant, scabies, Bark, Flower-Blood purifier, Urinary infection Gynecological disorder , urinary problem, seminal weakness, cough, skin diseases, bleeding piles, ringworm & ulcers, Root - Blood dysentry, fever, cough, indigestion, wound, Flower-  Cough & cold, Expectorant, analgesic, bleeding piles, burning feet, astringent, aphrodisiac, fever, dysentery, Leaves, Fruit-Antimicrobial, Antifungal, Antiviral ,  Antipyretic,  Antiseptic, Blood purifies, Skin diseases,  Mouth diseases, Wound, Leave, Root - Blood purifier, Gynecological trouble, Eczema,  Hematological and menstrual disorder, antispasmodic, expectorant, skin diseases,  general debility, Rhizome- Carminative, External injury, Snake bite, Flower-Haemostatic, Urinary disorder,  Skin & urine diseases, piles, aphrodisiac, antihelminitic, Bark-Dropsy & bowel complaint, Aphrodisiac, Antihelmintic,  haemostatic,  Seed oil -Skin disease & anointing, Rhizomer- Tonic, Bronchitis, Asthma, Nutritious Carminative, Cardio tonic, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Seminal disorder, Bronchitis, Asthma, General debility, Root-Rheumatism, Blood dysentery, fever, analgesic, leucoderma, gynecological  disorders, Unripe fruit-Astringent, Ripe fruit-Laxative, Rhizome- Digestive, Appetizer, cold & cough, asthma, worms, skin diseases, stimulant, Leaves-Body ache, Digestive, Diarrhea, Rheumatism, fever, colic, insomnia, Root-  High Blood pressure, Sedative, insanity, chest  & abdominal pain, Seed-Narcotic, Root-Astringent,  Appetizer, diuretic, expectorant, rheumatism, general debility & Fever. The neoclassical Apollo Theatre, a work of Ernst Ziller, is next to the modernist building of the Hall of Literature and Art (Μέγαρο Λόγου και Τέχνης). Early Middle Odia (1200 - 1400): The earliest use of prose can be found in the Madala Panji of the Jagannath Temple, Puri, which date back to the 12th century. Its main economic activities include retailing, logistics, financial and public sector services. The oldest surviving buildings (apart from ancient monuments and the castle) are the church of Pantocrator in Ano Poli and a residential building (Tzini's house) at the corner of Agiou Nikolaou and Maisonos street, built in 1832. Mythology has it that after the Dorian invasion, a group of Achaeans from Laconia led by the eponymous Patreus established a colony. The cultural and educational facilities include the Municipal Library, the university libraries, many theatres, the municipal art gallery,[33] the University of Patras's facilities, the Hellenic Open University and the Technical Institute of Patras. [citation needed] The University of Patras contributed by working towards this goal, using its service and technology sectors. This had an important impact on the city's economy and resulted in high levels of unemployment in the 1990s. [citation needed] As a result, a considerable portion of the city's workforce and the city's economic planning in its entirety had to be re-evaluated and restructured by the authorities giving emphasis on the scientific research and technology sector. Since 2014, mayor of the city is Kostas Peletidis. The highway connection with Athens and Pyrgos is to be greatly upgraded. The city has two public universities and one technological institute, hosting a large student population and rendering Patras an important scientific centre[citation needed] with a field of excellence in technological education. [22], Historical buildings and mansions of the city, apart Tzini's house, include also the Prapopoulos building, Golfinopoulos mansion (Alhambra), Perivolaropoulos mansion, Palamas house, while among the demolished after WWII were Tsiklitiras mansion, Kanellopoulos house, Chaidopoulos building, Frangopoulos house, Green mansion and Mineyko mansion.[23]. Root, Leaves – Swelling, Gynecological disorders, Bark - Uterine disorders, Bleeding piles, leucorrhoea, menorrhea, gynecological disorders, fever,  fracture. Other historical churches of the city are: The first Jewish presence in the city was dated back to the Hellenistic era (see Romaniotes). This coin was designed to commemorate an event signaling an enlightened course for Patras and serving as a reminder of the way in which culture can stimulate the economy and promote development, when Patras was appointed European Capital of Culture. The city is also a host to the FORTH-ICE-HT (Institute of Chemical Engineering & High Temperature Chemical Processes)[52] and the Institute of Biomedical Technology. Patras is bypassed by the Olympia Odos (A8) motorway, which is also part of the E55 route that crosses the Rio-Antirio Bridge, dominating the sealine across the Gulf of Corinth. A central feature of the urban geography of Patras is its division into upper and lower sections. The building includes a conference hall, along with multi-purpose and exhibitional spaces. [8], Patras remained a part of the Despotate of Morea until 1458, when it was conquered by the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmet II. The new city was planned under the supervision of Stamatis Voulgaris following orders by Ioannis Kapodistrias. There has been a significant development in the R&D sector, in the last few years, as a result of the many research institutes and the University impact in the area. Fruit, Flower, Leaves - Astringent, Stomachic, digestive, Tonic, bleeding from nose, dysentery, piles. The concept of the event revolved around the main theme of "Bridges" and "Dialogues", drawing benefit from the city's rich history and its position as a "Gate to the West", to underline the essence of the productive interaction of culture and civilisations in Europe. It was in Roman times that it became an important port. Patras Science Park is an incubator for many small but upcoming technology companies. This programme will among other things concentrate on art workshops, the transfer of know-how, way of life and entertainment.[55][56]. As in the rest of the country, the largest denomination is the Orthodox Church, which represents the majority of the population. Two major state hospitals operate in the city: the Agios Andreas Hospital is the oldest of the two; and General University Hospital of Patras. It was inaugurated in 1974. Oriya word book, Oriya dictionary, Oriya Translation. Flower& Leaves-Fever, Cold, Cough, Stomach disorder. The EU Commission found Patras' plans very ambitious and also commented that a successful hosting of the title by a medium-sized city would make it possible to redefine the meaning of the term Cultural Capital. The economy of the city largely depends on its service sector. The Ottoman baths (16th century), still retain their initial use, and are one of the oldest Ottoman baths surviving in Europe. In the early 20th century, Patras developed fast and became the first Greek city to introduce public streetlights and electrified tramways. The current municipality of Patras was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of 5 municipalities that made up the Patras Urban Area. The study was conducted on seven tribal communities namely Bathui, Binjhal, Gond Oraon, Sabara, Saura and Santal to assess the diversity of plant species consumed as green leafy vegetables (GLVs). Titan Cement Company operates a large cement factory, with a private port, in Psathopyrgos, a suburb of Patras. Postcard with King George I Square in the late 19th century. This is the result of an interplay between natural geography and human settlement patterns; the lower section of the city (Kato Poli), which includes the 19th-century urban core and the port, is adjacent to the sea and stretches between the estuaries of the rivers of Glafkos and Haradros. In general, much of Patras' coastline is framed by roads and avenues running alongside; these include Dymaion Coast to the south and Iroon Polytechneiou Street to the north. The curry tree is scientifically known as Murraya koenigii Spreng and it belongs to the Rutaceae family. [43], Intracom (Greece's largest multinational provider of telecommunications products) facilities in Patras house the offices of Telecommunications Software Development, Terminal Equipment Design, Development Programmes, and Support Services divisions. It is native to India and is usually found in tropical and subtropical regions. Herb-Astringent, Blood purifier, sedative. Stem bark, fruit, root -Febrifugal, Antdiuretic Blood dysentery, sun stroke, thirst in fever, urine problem,  renal & cystic calculi, aphrodisiac, complexion promoter, galactogogue, Flower, while plant -Astringent, Cardiac tonic, Tonic for general debility, aphrodisiac, skin diseases, habitual abortion, Leaves/ whole plant- Insect sting, Cough & cold, Febrifuge, Skin diseases, Stimulant, Diaphoretic, Anthelmintic & Jaundice, Fruit- Worm infection & skin diseases, Jaundice, insanity, epilepsy, fistula, Bark, Flower-Skin disease, Tonsillitis,  Obesity Anthelmintic, , bleeding, wounds, cough, Leave ,Root-Emetic, Ear disease,  insect sting, cardiac tonic, Root- Cough, fever,  skin diseases, aphrodisiac, Roots, Leave-Anti-inflammatory, Acne, skin disease, insect sting, Hemorrhoids, Antifungal, Latex- Diarrhea, Carminative Inflammation, rheumatism, laxative, stomach-ache, tumors & boils, aphrodisiac, Leaves, Seeds -Spasmolytic, Anti bacterial Fever, Skin diseases, Cough, Vomiting, to increase sweat, Bark-Astringent, Analgesic Stimulant, Purgative, Skin diseases,  Emmenagogue & Febrifuge, Bark, flower, leaves, latex -  Purgative, Skin diseases, Tooth ache, Aphrodisiac, Bark - Purgative, Skin diseases, Tooth ache, Aphrodisiac, Bark, Heart wood-Astringent, Blood purifier Conjunctivitis, Stomach ache, DiarrheaPharyngitis, Digestive, Haemostatic, Tonic, Skin diseases, Diarrhea, Seeds, bark- Nervine tonic, CNS stimulant , Fever,  arthritis,  colic pain, Whole plant-Cough, Fever, stimulant, laxative, Leaves, Flower, Bark-Burn, Diuretic, emetic, ulcer, laxative, Bark-  Astringent, Diarrhea , Dysentery rheumatism, skin diseases, Bark,Fruit -  Astringent,Skin erruption , Bronchitis, Fruit bud- Tooth ache, Carminative, Anti emetic digestive, stimulant, cough & cold. After the liberation in 1944, the city recovered, but in later years was increasingly overshadowed by the urban pole of Athens. [37] [41], Acciona has completed the largest wind park in Greece, on the Panachaiko mountain, overlooking the city of Patras. Finally the city was surrendered on 7 October 1828 to the French expeditionary force in the Peloponnese, under the command of General Maison. [1] The population of its functional urban area was 217,555 in 2011. The city hosts consulates from the following countries:[citation needed]. During the 19th century many neoclassical buildings were constructed in the city. As of the 2011 census, the city of Patras has a population of 167,446 and the municipal unit has 170,896 inhabitants; the municipality has 213,984 inhabitants. All the urban bus lines are about 40, with three numbers. From 2011 on, can data also reflect the city's urban area population, as all the municipalities that made up the Patras Urban Area were joined to create the new larger Patras municipality, formed at the 2011 local government reform. "The three sea battles" will present a cultural programme focusing on peace and understanding. Patras was selected as main motif for the €10 Greek Patras 2006 commemorative coin, minted in 2006. Hellenic Republic. Rhizome-Nervine tonic, Analgesic, Cough, stomachic, Epilepsy & convulsion, colic, remittent fever, insect repellant.. The largest river in the area is the Glafkos, flowing to the south of Patras. Numerous art venues[31] and an ultra-modern archaeological museum[32] were constructed for the needs of European Culture Capital designation. A newly constructed, 20-kilometre (12 mi) ring road (the Bypass of Patras) was first opened in 2002 in order to alleviate heavy traffic throughout the city. The city is built at the foot of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras. [citation needed] One of the most scholarly philosophers and theologians of the time, Arethas of Caesarea was born at Patrae, at around 860. Leaves- Haemostatic, Cough, asthma, jaundice, piles,  stimulant. Rajabagicha, Cuttack, Orissa. Seasonal civilian air transport is provided by the military Patras Araxos Airport, about 40 km (25 mi) from the city's centre. In the past regional rail links were provided by the Hellenic Railways Organisation, connecting Patras to Athens and Piraeus as well as to Pyrgos and Kalamata. After 280 BC and prior to the Roman occupation of Greece, Patras played a significant role in the foundation of the second "Achaean League" (Achaiki Sympoliteia), along with the cities of Dyme, Tritaea and Pharai. Oriya to English translation. Residence of Kostis Palamas, a preserved neoclassical building on 241 Corinthou Street in the city center, where. Podcasts. Later on, and following the Roman occupation of Greece in 146 BC, Patras played a key role, and Augustus refounded the city as a Roman colony in the area. A large range of private hospitals and clinics operate in parallel. Whole plant -  Urinary diseases, bleeding,  stomach trouble,  jaundice, intermittent fever, mouth ulcer, astringent, Fruit-  Ant asthmatic, Purgative, Antipyretic, Tonic, Cough, asthma, skin diseases, hair fall, insomnia, Root, Whole plant -  Nervous disorder, Facial paralysis Cooling, Urinal diseases, Dysentery, astringent & tonic, Seeds- Cough, asthma, cardiac and general debility, digestive, diarrhea, aphrodisiac,  spermatorrhoea, Rhizome-Blood purifier, Antioxidant, Ant asthmatic, Antibiotic, Jaundice, Rhizome - Asthma, leprosy, fever, colic, jaundice, anemia, diabetes, Leaves, seeds - Cough, fever, fungal infection, general debility, skin diseases, vomiting, Bark- Laxative, Digestive,   Diuretic, urinary affections, renal & bladder calculi, digestive, laxative, tuberculosis, obesity, Leaves, Roots- Antispasmodic, Expectorant Hematological and menstrual disorder, asthma,  antispasmodic, cold and cough, skin diseases, hemorrhoid, Fruit-Tooth ache, Bark/ Leaves -Astringent Toothache, gum problem, dysentery, cough, urinary and gynecological problems, Leave- Body pain, Rheumatism , Cough, skin diseases, fever, pain and immflammation,  ear-ache,  insect repellant, Leaf, Fruit, Root- Cooling, Digestive diarrhea, dysentery, acidity, constipation, digestion, diabetes, deodorant, mouth ulcer, general debility, Root, Leaves- Diaphoretic, Stimulant, Refrigerant,  Aromatic, digestive, fever, ,  general debility, menstrual disorder, Whole plant -  Promote hair growth, headache, skin diseases, Whole plant - Anti hepato-toxic, promote hair growth, headache, skin diseases, jaundice & spleen enlargement, fever, acidity, Whole plant-  Tonic, used in jaundice, spleen enlargement, Root tuber -  Refrigerant, Cardiac debility, Tuberculosis,  swollen joint , rejuvenative, Whole plant-Liver tonic, Digestive, Deworming, Skin diseases, Antispasmodic, Anti malarial, Leave- Wound healing, Blood clotting, cough & cold, piles, revitaliser, Whole plant- Insanity, Loss of memory, rheumatism, revitaliser, Root-Anti asthmatic, Leaves-Febrifuge, skin disease, stimulant, Root, Seeds-Rejuvenator, Cardio tonic, Diabetes, Rheumatism, Leaves-skin disease, Cough & Cold, Flower- Antidepressant, Diuretic, Corn, mouth ulcer, anthelmintic, Bark, Flower- Digestive, Fever, Urinary tract infection ,antispasmodic, Wood-Skin rash, Revitaliser, Refrigerant, Diuretic, haemostatic, intellect promoting, Bark, Leaves- Anti Malaria, Anti dysenteric, Spasmolytic, skin disease, cough, asthma, Bark, leaves, flower buds-  Stimulant, digestive, skin diseases, rheumatic arthritis, General debility, urinary tract infection, swelling, rheumatism, digestive, cough, bronchitis, diuretic/ skin diseases, worm infection, constipation. It was European Capital of Culture in 2006.[3]. The city is the seat of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Patras. More recent figures include the Papandreou family, arguably the most influential in post World War II Greece, Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, the last democratically elected head of government before the establishment of the 1967 junta, and Costis Stephanopoulos, the former president of the Hellenic Republic. Patras is also famous for supporting an indigenous cultural scene active mainly in the performing arts and modern urban literature. Librivox Free Audiobook. The city hosts many museums, including the Patras Archaeological Museum the History and Ethnology Museum, the Folk Art Museum, the Press Museum and the Technology Museum, the latter in the campus of Patras University. Apart from the city center, the main districts of Patras are: Patras is the regional capital of Western Greece and the capital of the Achaea regional unit. E1584 VOL. 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