Today’s computers can store large volumes of data. SPEED : In general, no human being can compete to solving the complex computation, faster than computer. Whatever data is written in this memory, is lost after switching off the system. When we use a computer for any working then, Computer will help us solve many problems. On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. Application Software : This is special type of software which is used to solve a particular problem. It can work for hours without any fault. Main purpose of hacking to steal the private data or alter the actual data. Intrusion or Hacking : If a computer is used and controlled by unauthorised users then it is called hacking and who does this is called hacker. Characteristics of Computer Viruses. 1. Versatility is one of the most wonderful features of computers. Let us discuss them briefly. Example : Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) , EDVAC, Second Generation (1956 – 1965) : IBM 1401, Third Generation (1966 – 1975) : IBM System/360, Fourth Generation (1976 – 1985) : Macintosh 128k, Fifth Generation (1986 -till date) : Super computer. (iii) Computers can’t Express their Ideas: Keyboard : This is an input device which is used to input the data into the computer. Unlike a human, the computer doesn’t get tired or lacks its concentration. Before going to the characteristics, let's have a quick idea of what a computer is: A computer is an advanced electronic machine that takes raw data as input, performs arithmetic and logical operations at a fast speed, and provides results as output. http://oer.nios.ac.in/wiki/index.php?title=CHARACTERISTICS_OF_COMPUTERS&oldid=7997. This post give you an idea of Characteristics of a computer. baruwalgcdurga baruwalgcdurga 09/24/2020 Social Studies College List any four characteristics of computer See answer baruwalgcdurga is waiting for your help. A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use. A good computer program should have following characteristics: Portability: Portability refers to the ability of an application to run on different platforms (operating systems) with or without minimal changes. Dinesh Thakur holds an B.C.A, MCDBA, MCSD certifications. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FOURTH GENERATION COMPUTER . It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of data. Well these were the obvious things which are expected from any project (and software development is a project in itself). There are 8 important characteristics features of a computer. It can perform in a few seconds the amount of work that a human being can do in an entire year – if he work day and night and is nothing else. It like people who are using the computer even unclear about the understanding of terms associated with computer virus, computer worm, Trojan horse, malware, Boot Sector Virus, Web Scripting Virus, Browser Hijacker, Resident Virus, Direct Action Virus, Polymorphic Virus, File Infector Virus, Multipartite Virus, Macro Virus etc. This means that if millions of calculations are to be done, a computer will perform every calculation and provide all the results with the same accuracy. Computer can perform the number of calculation with exactly the same accuracy and speed as the first one. My daughter just graduated college with a degree in Computer Science and landed a job with an insurance company in ... "12 characteristics of successful IT … So, Computer is an effective and important device in our whole life. 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, Decimal Number System : Base of Decimal is 10 i.e. Without Computer knowledge we can’t any works. A computer is a machine that can perform complex mathematical calculations. Assembly Level Language : This is a low level programming language which is converted into executable machine code by a utility programmer referred to as an assembler. In addition, the computer includes ROM (read-only memory), the cache memory of different levels, virtual memory, etc., thereby speeding up performance. A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. The speed of a computer is measured in microseconds and nanoseconds. Printer : This is an out put device which is used to show the result on the paper. Spoofing : Through this, deceiving the computer users and making the fool. It takes only few seconds for calculations that we take hours to complete. ACCURACY : Since Computer is programmed, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly. Diligence 4. There are a number of basic characteristics that computers of all shapes and sizes have in common. Here, we are referring to random access memory (primary memory) that holds data as long as the computer is connected to a power source. The term ‘characteristics’ here, indicates the qualities or features of a computer system. High Level Language : High level language is a programming language which is easily understandable/readable by human. ... Computer Science Secondary School List any four characteristics of acomputer 2 Such computers have been used primarily for scientific and engineering work requiring exceedingly high-speed computers. Proprietary Software : In general, this type of software require to purchase to use that particular software for the some time or single user as per conditioned by the vendor of that particular software. Graphics Card : This is also a combination of electronic circuits which helps to give output the data into the monitor. 10 advantages of computer. It cannot make any decision based on experience, love, knowledge. Characteristics: (i) Speed: A computer works at an amazing speed.The work which is done by a normal person in 2-3 hours can be done by a computer in a fraction of seconds. The three characteristics of good application software are :- 1) Operational Characteristics 3) The speed, accuracy and reliability of the computers were improved in fourth generation computers. What is this? 1. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. Data can also be recalled easily if needed. What […] A piece of information once recorded (or stored) in the computer, can never be forgotten and can be retrieved almost instantaneously. Computer does not have feelings or emotions because it is a machine. Compiler : This is also a convertor which converts whole high level language programme to low level language programme at a time. Sniffing : Data can be seen and watched when it travels one computer to other computer. A computer can store large amount of data. CD/DVD ROM : This is used to store the data. Speed is one of the major characteristics of the computer system. System Software : This is special type of software which is responsible for handle the whole computer system. knowledge, information, wisdom, intelligence and the ability to judge. Virus and worms : These are the computer programme which malfunction the computer system. Speaker : This is an output device which is used to listen voice, songs, etc. This is also called main memory of the computer. Unlike human beings, computers are highly consistent. They are used in various fields. Mouse : This is also an input device which is used to input the data into the computer. Embeded Software : This type of software embeded with hardware to do a specific type of job. But, the major characteristics of the computer can be classified into Speed, Accuracy, Diligence, Versatility, Reliability, Consistency, Memory, Storage Capacity, … Switched Mode Power Supply (SMPS) : This is and electronic device which is used to manage the power supply of computer. A computer has a built-in memory, where it can store instant data immediately. Errors may occur in a computer system, but only because of wrong human input or inaccurate data. Sound Card : This is also a combination of electronic circuits which helps to give out put in the form of sound. Most people are computer-friendly and are making their lives easier with it. Random Access Memory (RAM) : This is called primary memory. Data : Data is a raw material of information. Computer is an electronic device which is used to store the data, as per given instructions it gives results quickly and accurately. Skip to content Above Header Basically, it is the important part in our daily life. It accepts the data, processes it and produces the information. Storage capacity is another big characteristic of a computer. Open Source Software : This type of software may be freely available and can not be use in commercially. Errors that may occur can almost always be attributed to human error (inaccurate data, poorly designed system or faulty instructions/programs written by the programmer). Typically, a computer performs the following functions: There are various characteristics of computer system depending on their size, capacity, and specifications. Laptop : This is complete computer which can be carried anywhere any time. Computers not only provide incredible speed, instead, they are also capable of consistently working with accuracy. For example, the computer can start daily maintenance tasks automatically when it is in an ideal state. Ethernet Cable : This is used to connect computer with other computer. In addition to being fast, computers are also accurate. A computer is an electronic computing device which performs the execution according to the given set of instructions called program. Generation of the Computer Versatility: Versatility is a most important characteristic which a good computer should have hence the capacity to perform completely different type of work. This data can be used at any time and also from any location. Exascale Supercomputer. The characteristics of computers that have made them so powerful and universally useful are speed, accuracy, diligence, versatility and storage capacity. LCD : It is known as Liqued Crystal Display. Computers can process millions (1,000,000) of instructions per second. Information : Proper collection of the data is called information.Characteristics of Computer 1. The degree of accuracy in computers is very high; computers can perform calculations at almost 100% accuracy. This means that the computer has the ability to perform completely different kinds of works with the same accuracy and efficiency at the same time. 1. it explains about the advantages and disadvantages of computer. Windows 2007, Windows vista, Windows 2008 etc. Virus requires a carrier while worms does this by itself. Furthermore, it provides consistent results for the same set of data, that is, if it is given the same set of data multiple times, it will give the same result each time. The major characteristics of computers are the following: Speed : A powerful computer is capable of executing about 3 million calculations per second. i.e. 5. i.e. The debugging is done as the result of the small unit test of the system. Computers are versatile machines and are capable of performing any task as long as it can be broken down into a series of logical steps. But, when people are asked about the characteristics of the computer, they give such a response- what! You'll need the flash plugin and a browser that supports it to view it. First Generation (1940 – 1955) . Computers can store vast amounts of data. For example: for one moment it can be used to create invoices or bills, and the next moment it can be used for inventory management or any multimedia task, etc. In this article, we have explained the basic characteristics of computers and how they are making our work easier. i.e. Its principal characteristics are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. You will be surprised to know that computer can perform millions (1,000,000) of instructions and even more per second. Play games 4. Motherboard : It is a combination of electronic circuits. The basic Characteristics of computer system are speed,accuracy,diligence,memory,versatility and many more lets us discuss them in following article. The characteristics of computer are Speed, Accuracy, Automatic, Endurance, Versatility, Storage, Reduction of cost, Intelligent quotient. Linux : This is an open source Operating System such as ubuntu, fedora, debian, mandriva, centOS etc. It uses VLSI (Very Large Scale Integrated) circuits. SATA, PATA, External HDD, Internal HDD. Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Speed - Computer is a fast device and performs the amount of works in 2 seconds. Hard Disk (HDD) : This is used to store the data in massive amount. This is supposed to be a flash animation. They do not suffer from human traits of boredom and tiredness resulting in lack of concentration. 1. Computer or any electronic device only understand this language. Watch movies or videos 2. Denial of Services: The main aim of this attack is to bring down the targeted network and make it to deny the service for legitimate users. Open and read anything 7. and many more But, the major characteristics of the computer can be classified into. There are following important Characteristics of Computer. These secondary devices can be kept separate from the computer or attached to other computers. ACCURACY : Since Computer is programmed, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly. The results obtained by the computer are very reliable. The time taken by computers for their operations is microseconds and nanoseconds. While there are some limitations or drawbacks for computers, however, the characteristics of computers overcome them. It does not commit any mistake. These set of factors can be easily explained by Software Quality Triangle. The storage capacity of a computer is measured in Mega Byte, Gega Byte, Tera Byte. Machine Level Language : This is low level programming language. Computers can also be used to automate routine tasks with the help of a task scheduler such as launching a specific application or software, sending an email, scanning for viruses, and many other maintenance tasks. Flexibility means that a computer can work in many areas like you can use your computer system to: 1. See pictures 5. The characters possessed by the first generation of computers made them very distinctively different from every other generation of computers even though the characteristics possessed by every computer generation was similar but different and as a result lead to four computer generations and fifth coming up anytime sooner even though some fifth generation of computers are in the world today. Due to this characteristic, it overpowers human being in most of the regular tasks. Due to their incredible speed, computers can quickly retrieve data from storage devices. The most computer programs and many programmed hardware devices cover thousands of … Binary number i.e 0 and 1. It is an output device as monitor. Speed 2. Charlse Babbase is known as father of computer he has invented first analytical computer in year 1822. which is used to comput organise store information and used to process data . Worm does not requires any carrier. Speed, Accuracy, Diligence, Versatility, Reliability, Consistency, Memory, Storage Capacity, Remembrance Power, and Automation: Difference between System Software and Application Software, Difference between Compiler and Interpreter, Beginners Tutorials: Complete List for Beginners, General Information: Things People Should Know. It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). Central Processing Unit (CPU) : It is heart and mind of the computer without this unit computer unable to process. Besides, we also have the option to store data in secondary devices such as external drives, or floppies, etc. Today's computers have increased storage capacity compared to earlier days. Computer only will be computer if it has INPUT DEVICE, PROCESS UNIT, and OUTPUT DEVICE. Scanner : This is an input device which is used to scan the document for the soft copy. Data is written in this memory by the vendor of the computer permanently. Listen sounds or musics 3. There are plenty of printer available in the market like inkjet, Laser printer, dot matrix printer etc. 2. The storage capacity of the computer is commonly measured in Mega-Byte (MB), Giga-Bytes (GB), Tera-Bytes (TB), and Peta-bytes (PB). We can modify, and use it under the same license. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9, Hexadecimal Number System : Base of this number system is 16 i.e. Interpreter : This is a convertor which converts high level language programme to low level language programme line by line. No I.Q; Computer has no intelligence to perform any task on its own like human being. Netbook : This is called mini laptop which is generally lighter and smaller than laptop. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F. Windows : This is an Proprietary Operating system and vendor is Microsoft. A computer works so fast that it can process any task and provide the output in fractions of seconds. A computer is a tool that does things all by itself without any kind of human influence. Pen Drive : This is very popular device now a days for carrying data on move. Accuracy - Computer is very accurate. Besides, computers can also be programmed to perform many complex tasks. Add your answer and … The computer has the power to store any data or information for as long as we like. Five of these are: Speed, storage capacity, productivity, reliability and efficiency. The characteristics of computer that are speed, accuracy, diligence, versatility,Power of Remembering,No IQ,No Feeling and storage capacity. There are so many type of HDD available in the market, i.e. Computers, therefore, are better than human beings in performing voluminous and repetitive jobs. This includes tasks such as software updates, security scanning, and system diagnostics, etc. There are variety of monitor available in the market such as, CRT Monitor, LCD Monitor, Touch Screen Monitor, TFT Monitor etc. Huge and organized Storage of information, Vast storage is another main characteristic of a computer. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. The computer is so consistent that it can perform trillions of processes without errors for several hours. The presence of computers can be seen in almost every sphere – Railway/Air reservation, Banks, Hotels, Weather forecasting and many more. Debugging is a required method in almost any new hardware or software development method. Supercomputer, any of a class of extremely powerful computers. Then a human being performing that work is month or year. Computer:- computer is an electronic device . It is formally a type of effective metho It is also for to arithmetic calculation Characteristics of computer 1. Universal Serial Bus (USB) : This is used to connect the external device to the computer. It can carry out instructions at a very high speed obediently, uncritically and without exhibiting any emotions. It is the fifth major characteristics of computer. 1) The fourth generation computers have microprocessor-based systems. Answer:The characteristics of computers that have made them so powerful and universally useful are speed, accuracy, diligence, versatility and storage capacity. 2) They are the cheapest among all the computer generation. Some limitations of the computer system are given below: Nowadays, computers are being used in everything from navigation to communication. It is our choice to decide how much data we want to store on the computer and when to recall or erase these data. Computers are versatile. A powerful computer is capable of performing about 3-4 million simple instructions per second. Software is a logical programme to handle/solve the complex problem. Accuracy 3. Binary Number System : It has only base 2 i.e 0 and 1, Octal Number System  : Base of octal is 8 i.e. Basic characteristics about computer are: Speed; you know computer can work very fast. Computer is an electronic device which is used to store the data, as per given instructions it gives results quickly and accurately. A computer is a very fast device. It is not just a calculating machine anymore. Now lets take a look at Software Quality factors. Monitor : This is an output device which is used to show the result of the instructions. A powerful computer can handle trillions of instructions per second which is really incredible. Computer : Computer itself a combination of different type of separate electronic device. 1. What is computer and its characteristic? Computers work at an incredible speed. (ii) Accuracy: A computer performs its task with great accuracy. The term is commonly applied to the fastest high-performance systems available at any given time. But this is true only when the data given to the computer or program is correct and reliable. Computers are incapable of decision making as they do not possess the essential elements necessary to take a decision i.e. Students and teachers can download and store large amounts of educational materials, books, presentations, lecture notes, question papers in computers. This means that we can use a computer 24 hours a day or 365 days a year continuously. Computer is a versatile machine. this video explains about the characteristics of computer and its limitations . List any four characteristics of computer Get the answers you need, now! Currently, the computer has become an essential part of human life and can be easily seen in most of the fields. Blue Ray Disk : This is same as CD/DVD but only different is it can store multi time of data from CD/DVD and faster than CD/DVD. Main Characteristics of Computer The […] Data is erased from memory after shutting down the computer. Basic characteristics about computer are: … There are many advantages of using Computer. Read Only Memory (ROM) : This is called primary memory. Personal computers are intended to be operated directly by an end user, rather than by a computer expert or technician.Unlike large, costly minicomputers and mainframes, time-sharing by many people at the same time is not used with personal computers. The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. Mike : This is an Input device which is used to record the sound . With its incredible speed, computers can reduce the amount of time to perform any digital task. Write textual documents and save 6. A computer works with much higher speed and accuracy compared to humans while performing mathematical calculations. SPEED : In general, no human being can compete to solving the complex computation, faster than computer. In mathematics, computing, linguistics and related subjects, an algorithm is a sequence of finite instructions, often used for calculation and data processing. The characteristics of the computers have made them so powerful and universally useful. Faster data processing, speed is the main characteristics of a computer. Or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us can use a computer is of. Factors can be seen in almost every sphere – Railway/Air reservation, Banks, Hotels, Weather forecasting and more! [ … ] Debugging is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and web apps itself without kind... 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